With focus on major national strategic needs and pressing global challenges, NUDT has been dedicated to carrying out fundamental theoretical explorations and pursuing breakthroughs in core technologies in key fields. Featuring basic research aimed for applications and technological innovation supported by basic research, the University has been working towards original and pioneering innovation to contribute to China's great self-reliance and strength in science and technology and provide innovative NUDT solutions to grand global challenges. In the past 70 years since its establishment, NUDT has achieved a large number of innovations represented by the "TianHe" series supercomputer systems, the "BeiDou" satellite positioning system, ultraprecision machining, maglev trains, etc., creating "China Speed", "China Height" and "China Precision".
NUDT vigorously promotes interdisciplinary research. Targeting cutting-edge technologies, the University has established interdisciplinary research centers and set key research fields including quantum computing and quantum algorithms, nanometer probing and sensing, materials genomic, etc., promoting deep integration between and across academic disciplines to push the boundaries of knowledge.
In September 2009, NUDT successfully developed China's first Peta-flops supercomputer system TianHe-1. In November 2010, the successive TianHe-1A was ranked No.1 on the TOP500 List with a peak performance of 4.7 Peta-flops, marking the first time when China’s supercomputer has topped the list. From 2013, "TianHe-2" supercomputer system developed by the University retained No.1 on the TOP500 List for six consecutive times, marking that China has become a major global powerhouse of leading the development of supercomputers.
Tianhe supercomputers are deployed in the National Supercomputing Centers in Tianjin, Guangzhou and Changsha. They are widely used in fields including aerospace technology, geographic detection, large aircraft design, new drug screening, and giant engineering construction, playing an important role in supporting high-quality development and high-level scientific and technological innovation. In terms of industrial design and manufacturing, supercomputers can be used in such industries as automobiles, aircraft, ships, high-speed rail, etc., speeding up the simulation in the phase of product design and tests and shortening R&D cycle. As for biomedicine and health, from data-intensive research in genetics to cell network simulation and large-scale system modeling, supercomputers help to create revolutionary ways to treat diseases.
The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) has been independently constructed and operated by China focusing on the needs of the country’s national security, economic and social development. It provides all-time, all-weather and high-accuracy positioning, navigation and timing services to global users.
Since its establishment in 1995, the NUDT BDS team has participated in the whole research and development process of BDS-1, BDS-2 and BDS-3. The team has broken through a series of key technologies represented by rapid capture and signal reception, satellite anti-interference, system high-precision measurement and system level simulation evaluation. It has made outstanding contributions to the development of BDS from nothing to completion and from catching up to leading the way, promoting the coverage of BDS service from region to globalization.
The maglev research team was established in the late 1980s and is one of the first teams to conduct magnetic suspension and propulsion research in China. The group mainly focuses on key technologies research in maglev transport, such as magnetic suspension control, guidance control, propulsion control, positioning and velocity detection system, etc. Over the past forty years, the group has mastered the large load capacity, highly stable and reliable numerical suspension control technologies for all the maglev systems over the speed range from low speed (<150km/h) to high speed(>400km/h).
In 2016, China’s first commercial medium-low speed maglev line, Changsha Maglev Express, was put into operation, of which the suspension controllers of up to seven trains were designed and tested by the NUDT maglev research team. In 2017, China’s first maglev line with a large carrying capacity, Beijing S1 maglev line, was put into operation, of which the key components such as the suspension control system, the bogies, the positioning and speed detection system for all the ten trains were designed and the system integration technology was provided by the team.
In the high speed maglev area, the newly developed 600km/h high speed maglev train was rolled out in July 2021 in Qingdao, Shandong Province, whose key components including the suspension and guidance control system, positioning and velocity detection system, eddy-current braking systems, and dynamic track detection system are provided by the NUDT maglev research team.