Professor Gao Bolong, expert in the laser gyroscope, originally from Chenxi, and born in Nanning of Guangxi Province, graduate from Tsinghua University in 1951, professor of NUDT.
Since 1975, Professor Gao Bolong has been engaged in research on the laser gyroscope. He took the initiative to conduct a deep and systematic study on the basic law governing laser gyroscopes. He has presided over the related research projects and successfully developed the laser gyro prototype and the laboratory prototype, leading the field in China. The original engineering prototype has been used in practical applications and has been applied in some related departments. The development of a new kind of prototype is under way. Meanwhile, he has developed a new laser that is unsurpassed in the world, making China the third country to master the key technologies following USA and Germany. He has also developed a series of precision detection instruments, solving the high–precision optical detection problems encountered in the development of laser gyroscopes. Because of his outstanding achievements, he has won the second prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award and four Hunan Province first prizes. He has written and published 30 papers and monographs. In 1996, he was awarded the first PLA Specialized Technology Outstanding Achievement Award.
He was elected as the academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 1997.
Professor Lu Xicheng, expert in computer system architecture, computer networks and developed the Yinhe Parallel Supercomputer; born in Jingjiang City of Jiangsu Province; graduated from the Military Academy of Engineering in Harbin in 1970;
He is currently the Deputy Director of Science and Technology Commission of PLA General Armament Department, and the Director of National Key Laboratory of Parallel and Distributed Processing. He has successfully chaired and developed the Yinhe Ⅲ parallel supercomputer system, is responsible for the overall technology plan design, decision making on key technical problems and organizing key technical projects, and has solved key technical problems such as global shared distributed storage, deadlock-free three-dimensional ring network and high-bandwidth, low-latency interconnection.. The system has been put into use and has reaped remarkable economic and social benefits. In 1970s, he participated in the development of the central computer at the Yuanwang I survey ship and designed the switch systems; in 1980s, he participated in the development of Yinhe II supercomputer, presided over the development of the high-speed network software system and developed the Yinhe Simulator System Software; in 2001, he chaired and developed China's high-speed information demonstration network core router, one of the National 863 Plan (National Advanced Technological and Research Plan) major projects. He has undertaken a number of national research projects such as National Natural Science Foundation projects and National 863 Plan (National Advanced Technological and Research Plan) projects. At present, he acts as the chief scientist in charge of the National 973 Plan (National Key Basic Research Development Plan) project “Research on Hypothesized Computation Environment Polymerization and the Coordination Mechanism”. He has won 21 science and technology awards above the ministerial level of second prize including four first prizes and one second prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award. He has published four monographs and more than 120 papers.
He was elected as the academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 1999.
Professor Zhao Yijun, expert in laser technology; born in Beijing; graduated from Beijing University in 1953; professor of NUDT; research fellow of China National Defense Science and Technology Information Center. In early 1960s, he participated in the optical radiation test and analysis of China's nuclear explosion, developed three pieces of test equipment including the minimum illumination arrival time tester. In 1970s during his research on interaction between laser and matter, he carried out research on atomic and molecular physics and physical dynamics, proposed a series of specific physical and dynamic methods of obtaining the material properties of materials and the medium required in the calculation of radiation fluid from the perspective of the atomic micro-structure, and compiled atom X wave function and 3-nj symbolic computation program which has been widely applied in China. Since late 1980s, he has been mainly engaged in research concerning interaction between strong laser and matter and strong laser technology. He was the first in China to propose a variety of models that the laser pulse causes the solid heat shock and lamination crack, that CW laser results in dynamic-thermal joint damage of materials, and that that laser ablation of glass fiber composite leads to carbonization and changes electromagnetic properties. The strong laser technology project he chaired and participated in has made a series of significant achievements. He has won two second prizes and one third prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award and two first prizes of the Science and Technology Progress Award presented by the National Defense Technology and Industry Committee. He has published three monographs and more than 170 papers.
He was elected as the academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 1997.
Professor Zhou Xingming, expert in computers, developed the first supercomputer for China Yinhe I; originally form Yuyao, Zhejiang Province; born in Shanghai; graduated as a computer major at Military Academy of Engineering; currently the professor in National Key Laboratory of Parallel and Distributed Processing, College of Computer, NUDT.
From early 1960s to late 1970s, he participated in the development of the transistor computer, IC computer and megacomputer, responsible for the overall plan design, system logic design, circuit design and development and system debugging, etc, and made original contributions in the high-temperature stability of the germanium transistor circuit, anti-interference of TTL signal transmission, fast division algorithm, etc. From late 1970s to 1992 he developed Yinhe I, the first supercomputer in China (as the head of the host system), Yinhe Fang I, the first all-digital real-time simulation computer (as the head of the project) Yinhe II, the first parallel supercomputer for scientific and engineering computing (as the chief designer), made many innovations and technical breakthroughs in the overall design, CPU structure, RAS technical design, system interface protocol, etc. In recent years he has been researching the fields of high performance computing, motion computing and microprocessor architecture.
He was elected as the academician of Chinese Academy of Science in 1993.
Professor Guo Guirong, expert in communication and electronic technology; born in Chengdu, Sichuan Province; graduated from Military Academy of Engineering in Harbin in 1959; graduated from Moscow Zhoukowski Military Aviation Engineering College in USSR in 1965 with the associate doctorate degree of technical science of USSR; professor of NUDT; served as Vice President and Dean of Graduate School of NUDT, President of NUDT, and Deputy Director of Science and Technology Commission of National Defense Science and Industry Committee; currently the Director of the Science and Technology Commission of PLA General Armament Department.
He has chaired and developed the ship radar automatic target recognition system, the electromagnetic characteristics extraction and recognition system of air targets, wideband radar automatic target recognition system, integrated automatic recognition system of vessels, armored vehicles and aircraft, radar anti-interference system, and radar interference automatic identification system. He has put forward for the first time a new concept and method for target feature three-state division and several transitional domain feature extraction; the ingenious method for the structure characteristics description of polarization domain of air target and recognition of the state of polarization, and new approaches to identifying the distance of the extensively distributed ground targets in the multi-scattering centers with high accuracy at full range. On this basis, he proposed a new flexible technology of automatic identification system and established the theoretical framework of dynamic target pattern recognition.
He has won the National Scientific Congress Award, three second prizes of National Science and Technology Progress Award, seven first prizes and five second prizes of Ministerial Scientific and Technological Progress Award.
He was elected as the academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 1995.
Professor Zhuang Fengchen, one of the first PhD supervisors in the discipline of liquid rocket engine in China, the founder and pioneer of the research on the model and numerical simulation of the combustion process of liquid rocket engine, the author of the first monograph on combustion performance calculation of liquid rocket engine in China, Theory, Model and Application of Spray Combustion of Liquid Rocket Engine. He has developed several combustion models and numerical simulation approaches of the liquid rocket engine and provided an important analytical tool and technical support for the development of various liquid rocket engines in China. They have found wide application in the analysis of combustion performance and system reliability of carrier rocket engines, attitude-control and orbit-control engines in manned spacecraft. He has won two second/third prizes of National Science and Technology Progress, seven first/second prizes of Ministerial Science and Technology Progress, and PLA Specialized Technology Outstanding Achievement Award
He was elected as the academician of the Chinese Academy of Science in 2001.
Professor Shen Rongjun, expert in aerospace engineering management, measurement and control technology; born in Hefei, Anhui Province; graduated from the Military Academy of Surveying and Mapping in 1958; the deputy director of Science and Technology Commission of National Defense Science and Industry Committee and now the consultant of China’s Manned Space Program and Lunar Exploration Program, PhD supervisor of NUDT and the Academy of Equipment Command &Technology.
He has long been engaged in the aerospace engineering management and aerospace measurement and control and become one of the chief founders of aerospace measurement and control network and test site in China. He, together with other experts in China, have devised a system made up of large ground measurements and a controlling system, comprehensive ocean survey ship and the measurement and control aircraft, proposed the land- and sea-based global measurement and control network in line with international standards, supervised the development measurement and control network compatible with aerospace measurement and control, and developed the measurement and control network that meets the requirement of various flight experiments. Since 1985, he commanded over 50 launch missions on the site, solved a great many technical and management difficulties, and made significant contributions to the improvement of the success rate of satellite launches in China. Since 1992, he has participated in and presided over the project demonstration, fundamental development and first test flight and ranked one of the primary pioneers of China’s Manned Space Program. He was awarded the Special Award of National Science and Technology Progress, the First Special Award of Innovation and Contribution from the Department of General Armament, and the Outstanding Contribution Award of Tsang Hin Chi Manned Space Foundation in 2003 and the first prize of PLA Science and Technology Progress in 2004.
He was elected as the academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 2005.
Professor Yu Qifeng, expert in experimental dynamics and Photometric Image Technology; professor of NUDT; Born in Fengshun, Guangdong Province. He graduated from Aircraft Department, Northwestern Polytechnical University in 1981 with a bachelor’s degree, NUDT in 1984 with a master’s degree, and BIAS, University of Bremen in 1995 with a PhD degree.
He has long been engaged in research on deformation measurement of large-scale structure and measurement of large-scale motion, and developed the theory and approach of photogrammetry. He has mastered the key technology of 3D attitude measurement of range targets and automatic real-time 3D motion measurement in the measurement of moving target with fixed-point camera, developed the theory and approach of measuring 3D movement of point targets with moving single camera, sight-interruption multi-point dynamic deformation monitoring and motion calibration of unstable measurement platform in the measurement of moving target with moving camera, proposed series of new approaches flight visual navigation and enhanced the accuracy and adaptability of scene matching and target recognition in the measurement of a static scene with moving camera (self-motion measurement of camera platform), and proposed the theory and approach of interferogram lossless phase noise reduction and fringer centreline system error elimination in static deformation measurement. His research achievements have been successfully applied in the field of manned space and national defense. He has won many awards such as the second prize of National Award for Technological Invention and the second prize of PLA Science and Technology Progress.