College of Science covers science and engineering, three first-category disciplines (mathematics, physics, system science), and the second-category discipline of engineering dynamics. The college has the first-category discipline Ph.D. program of physics, and the second-category discipline Ph.D. programs of applied mathematics, computing mathematics, system analysis and integration, and engineering dynamics. The college has two first-category discipline post-doctoral research stations of mathematics and physics as well as the second-category discipline post-doctoral research station of engineering dynamics. Atomic and molecular physics is the National Key Discipline. Applied mathematics, computing mathematics and engineering dynamics are Hunan Province Key Disciplines.
The faculty members include one National Eminent Teacher, one National Excellent Teacher, two members of National Hundred, Thousand and Ten Thousand Talent Project, two National Woman Pace-setters, one Hunan Eminent Teacher, four members of Hunan 121 Talent Project, one Hunan Lotus Scholar, one winner of the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, one guest professor at International Center for Theoretical Physics, six winners of special government allowance, five members of New Century Excellent Researcher Award Program from the Ministry of Education, four winners and one nominee of National Excellent Doctoral Dissertation. The college has completed over 200 research projects of various kinds and has won more than 20 first and second place prizes for national/ministerial science and technology progress. The faculty members have published over 40 monographs and textbooks, won two second-prizes for National Teaching Achievements. They have also tutored students to participate in national and international Mathematical Contest in Modeling, and they have won three international special awards, 28 international first prizes, 36 national first prizes, and two national Challenge Cup first place prizes.
The college currently has five specialized research laboratories, information physics, quantum information technology, mathematical technology, weaponry effect physics, and optical information technology. The research and teaching laboratories have a total area of over 12,000 m2, with over ￥70-million-worth of research and teaching instruments and devices. The college has world-class experiment devices such as THz spectrometer, high-resolution Raman spectrometer, ellipsometer, atomic force microscope, gemtosecond Ti-sapphire laser, fourier transform spectrometer, etc, as well as some experiment devices with distinctive features such as a light-gas gun, a pressure-shear gun, a Hopkinson bar experimental device, etc. This equipment is capable of conducting research in non-linear optics, photon components, preparation of quantum entanglement, full spectrum analysis, weaponry effect physics, light communication and large scale numerical calculations.