The department of Materials Engineering and Applied Chemistry is chiefly responsible for the fundamental and frontier research in the fields of materials science and engineering, applied chemistry, and the development of innovative specialists in these fields. The department provides all its undergraduates, master and Ph.D. candidates, and exceptional research facilities. It enrolls undergraduates of applied chemistry Ph.D. candidates and post-doctoral researchers into one of the two first-category disciplines of materials science and engineering, aeronautical and astronautical science and technology. Master candidates come from the first-category discipline of materials science and engineering, and the two second-category disciplines of applied chemistry, military chemistry and pyrotechnics. The department consists of four teaching and research sections, materials engineering, composite materials, materials chemistry and applied chemistry, each equipped with first-class research facilities. In addition our department also has teaching laboratories for metal and metal base composites, polymer-based composites, opto-electronic functional materials, and energetic materials.
In terms of research, the department features high performance composites and applied chemistry. The materials research covers metal and metal base composites, polymer composites and higher polymer materials, while the applied chemistry mainly does research on molecule analysis, synthesis and application of new high energy density materials.
The main research areas of the department are as follows:
l Heat Resisting Metal Thermal Structure and Process
This research area, with a view to meeting aerospace requirements, focuses on the preparation technology, anti-oxidation technology and forming technology of typical thermal structure of heat resisting metal. Research is also conducted on surface anti-oxidation ablation coating technology of heat resisting metal, composite structure preparation technology of heat resisting metal and ceramic composite materials, and connection technology of heat resisting metal and ceramic-based composite materials.
l Electronic Information Functional Materials
The Electronic Information Functional Materials research area meets the requirements for miniature, light-weight and highly reliable microwave and millimeter electronic components by focusing on component design, performance characterization and preparation technology of related electronic information functional materials, and researches on LTCC substrate materials, LTCC-based microwave dielectric materials, high-quality aluminum powder and conductive paste, light-weight high-heat-conductivity packaging shell materials, and high-performance magnetic materials and components.
l Polymer-based Composites
As a cross area of polymeric chemistry and physics, materials, and materials processing engineering, this research area aims to meet the requirement for light-weight equipment structures, focuses on high-performance polymer-based composites and its components preparation and engineering application to tackle the key technology of applying polymer-based composites on main load-bearing structures, and researches on polymer-based composites structure design technology, polymer-based composites forming technology, equipment structure composites repairing technology, and polymer-based composites engineering application technology. The department has independently developed composite component shaping technology of large size and complex shape represented by flexible-mould assisted RTM (resin transfer mold), aircraft compartments of complex shape, large-size bulk containers, overall hood of locomotives, megawatt fan blades, composite line core used in double-capacity conductors which have been applied in the fields of aerospace and astronautics, rail transportation, wind power, and electricity transmission, and composite on-site quick repair technology which has been applied in the repairing projects of aircraft components, bridges, culverts and tunnels.
l Opto-electronic Energy Materials and Components
As a cross area of materials engineering, applied chemistry and aeronautical and astronautical technology, this research area, based on aerospace and military application, has developed three sub-areas, advanced power technology, new-type solar photovoltaic and thermal photovoltaic technology, and target characteristics signal new-type control technology. It focuses on structure energy integrated power technology, high energy and density lithium battery technology, super frequency lithium ion battery technology, all-solid membrane lithium battery-based micro-nano power technology, membrane solar energy battery technology, thermal photovoltaic technology, and electrochromism technology. It has also provided key technical support in meeting the requirement of national defense science and technology and aeronautical and astronautical enterprises for high-performance electric energy, and new-type opto-electronic functional materials and components.
l Energetic and Internally Insulated Materials
As a cross area of aerospace technology, materials engineering, applied chemistry, military chemistry and pyrotechnics, this research area is based on aerospace and military application as well three second-category disciplines: material physics and chemistry, applied chemistry, military chemistry and pyrotechnics. It focuses on the key issues of chemical propulsion energy and ablative resistance in design, development and application of national defense and aerospace equipment. There is research on molecule design, synthesis and application of new-type high energy and density materials, security and storage working mechanism and evaluation of energetic materials, energetic materials for special chemical propulsion, high-performance ablative resistant materials, and secondary reactionary materials. The research area of Energetic and Internally Insulated Materials also provides key technical support for tackling the related material and chemical issues in modern national defense science and technology and aeronautical industry.
This department has the Hunan Province Key Disciplines (Material Science, and Material Physics and Chemistry), the Hunan Composite Engineering Technology Research Center, and systematic sophisticated instruments and devices for synthesis of chemical substances and preparation, processing, shaping, analysis and testing of materials.
The department strives to develop a national first-class materials and chemistry educational curriculum, and build a faculty team with exceptional texceptional eaching qualifications and skills and excellent research abilities.